- RSS Channel Showcase 9721357
- RSS Channel Showcase 8368331
- RSS Channel Showcase 4484153
- RSS Channel Showcase 3832784
Articles on this Page
- 07/12/18--22:11: _No single birthplac...
- 07/12/18--22:54: _Vedic Traditions fo...
- 07/14/18--02:17: _Ādi bhautika metaph...
- 07/14/18--09:27: _Vāhana-s of Ganga &...
- 07/14/18--18:34: _India goes internat...
- 07/14/18--21:51: _A prayer to wealth ...
- 07/14/18--22:19: _Officials look to P...
- 07/15/18--03:24: _Raw deal -- Namrata...
- 07/15/18--06:06: _Metaphors & Metals ...
- 07/15/18--21:53: _Indus Script hypert...
- 07/16/18--06:29: _Vāhana of Sarasvati...
- 07/16/18--18:47: _Ancient maritime tr...
- 07/17/18--03:17: _Review of Manogna a...
- 07/17/18--05:20: _Hamsa as Vāhana of ...
- 07/17/18--06:35: _Veda, knowledge sys...
- 07/17/18--18:05: _A tribute to RN Iye...
- 07/17/18--19:52: _Award of Nobel for ...
- 07/18/18--05:59: _Kulli terracotta ri...
- 07/18/18--19:50: _Kernos ring of Kull...
- 07/19/18--00:47: _Rūpaka, 'metaphors'...
- 07/19/18--21:27: _Translation of 31 I...
- 07/19/18--21:56: _A superpower of the...
- 07/21/18--00:05: _म्लेच्छ bhāratam ja...
- 07/21/18--05:14: _Kernoi rings as sac...
- 07/21/18--17:47: _Chennai-based indol...
- 07/12/18--22:11: No single birthplace of mankind, say scientists
- 07/15/18--06:06: Metaphors & Metals empire of Vedic Rāṣṭram of 4th millennium BCE
- Dimension 1: Approach: Multi-disciplinary or only Linguistics?
- Dimension 2: Insider analysis of some indigenous sources
- Dimension 3: Towards a pūrva-pakśa of Indo-European (IE) linguistics
- what is the range of meanings evident from the usage of the terms Arya and Dravida
- whether there was an invasion/migration into Bharat and if yes, whether there is any evidence that Sanskrit or its ancestor was brought in by people migrating into Bharat
- whether there is any evidence to link Dravida and Dasyu
- a company or guild of merchants in a northern European medieval town.
- a fee paid to a merchant guild by a new member.
Also called Hansa town, Hansetown. a town that is a member of the Hanseatic League.
Origin of Hansa< Medieval Latin; replacing Middle English hans, hanze < Middle Low German hanse; cognate with Old English hōs,Old High German, Gothic hansa company. Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018 also Hanse, medieval European merchants' guild; seeHanseatic. A member was a Hansard (early 13c. as a surname). Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper. Source: http://www.dictionary.com/browse/hansa
Ādi bhautika metaphors of R̥gveda yajña and Indus Script hypertexts explain the wealth of ancient India (Video 41:31)
Many Mahajanapadas clustered on the Yamuna and Ganga River Basins issued ancient coins.
Hieroglyph: kamaṭha 'turtle' rebus: kammaṭa 'mint, coiner, coinage
Hieroglyph: (dh)makara 'composite animal as hypertext with crocodile, fish-fin, elephant, feline hieroglyphs) rebus: dhmakara 'blacksmith blowing the forge'; dhangar 'blacksmith'. For examples of the use of hieroglyph components of crocodile, fish in Indus Script Corpora to signify dhmakara 'blacksmith blowing the forge'; dhangar 'blacksmith', see: http://tinyurl.com/k7yleu2 धमक m. " a blower " , blacksmith (as blowing the forge) Un2. ii , 35 Sch.
Thus, the chosen vāhana-s are hieroglyphic signifiers of the nature of metallurgical activities of ancient times on sites of the river basins: one river basin (Ganga) was spotted with smelters of ores to produce metals; the other river basin (Yamuna) was spotted with mints to work with alloys and metals.
Yamuna, kamaṭha 'turtle' Ellora caves
Yamuna on turtle. Chaumukha and Parvati temples of Nachna.
Water media on paper. Bagalamuki - Mahavidya Bagalamuki with her golden body & Kurma avatar of Vishnu (by S. Rajam) Bagalamuki is one of the ten Devis of Mahavidya worship.
There are examples of copper plates with the pictorial motifs of large turtles combined back to back, as a pair to signify: dula 'pair' rebus: dul 'metal casting'.
Copper tablet type B18, B17b. Tortoise with mirror duplicaes.
The hieroglyph multiplex on m1534b is now read rebus as: dula 'pair' rebus: dul 'cast metal' PLUS kassa 'turtle' rebus: kãsā 'bell-metal' kamaṭha 'turtle' rebus: kãsā kammaṭa 'bell-metal coiner, mint, portable furnace'.
turtle from the Oligocene to Holocene, with the last relict populations at New Caledonia which survived until 2,000 years ago.
An 1876 drawing of the world supported on the backs of four elephants, themselves resting on the back of a turtle. "The World Turtle in Hindu mythology is known as Akupāra (Sanskrit: अकूपार), or sometimes Chukwa. Example of a reference to the World Turtle in Hindu literature is found in Jñānarāja (the author of Siddhāntasundara, writing c. 1500): "A vulture, which has only little strength, rests in the sky holding a snake in its beak for a prahara [three hours]. Why can [the deity] in the form of a tortoise, who possesses an inconceivable potency, not hold the Earth in the sky for a kalpa [billions of years]?"The British philosopher John Locke made reference to this in his 1689 tract, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, which compares one who would say that properties inhere in "substance" to the Indian, who said the world was on an elephant, which was on a tortoise, "but being again pressed to know what gave support to the broad-backed tortoise, replied—something, he knew not what."
Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable lists Maha-pudma and Chukwa as names from a "popular rendition of a Hindu myth in which the tortoise Chukwa supports the elephant Maha-pudma, which in turn supports the world"""In several cultures of the world, there is the concept of a gigantic turtle that holds up the Earth. Versions of the mtyh are found in India, China and North America, the last of which is known as "Turtle Island" to some tribes as a reference to the belief that the continent was resting on the back of a gigantic turtle. The European reduction of the myth is the island-beast, a creature so large that sailors take it to be an island and land upon it. When the creature submerges, the sailors are doomed. the Bestiary name for the Island-beast is Aspidochelone or snake-turtle but in some myths such as St. Brendan's voyage, it is called a "Whale"
These shell companies were shown as collecting agents for software sales by Geodesic to 80 South Amercian firms. The ED has now found that these sales were “bogus” as the firms in Paraguay, Uruguay, Chile, Guatemala and Honduras never did any business with Geodesic.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-E5xPEsP1A4tvaṣṭā 'artisans, seafaring merchants'
vasu-s 'eight wealth giving divinities'
Rudra-s 'eleven wealth-yielding ādi bhautika resources'
āhasasam = the destroyer (of the enemy) [Note: the word is cognate of āhangar
This sūkta is a proclamation of the creation and movement of wealth of Sarasvati Civilization, nurtured on the banks of Vedic River Sarasvati. The devatā of the sūkta is ātmā. The word means: life principle, sensations. The r̥ṣi chanting the Suktam is vāk, 'speech' embedded in the name: वाक् for वाच् आम्भृणी. अम्भस् means,'powerful , great' hence, the expression वाच् आम्भृणी is a metaphor for power of speech.
आत्म (in comp. for आत्म्/अन् ; also rarely ifc. e.g. अध्य्-ात्म , अध्य्-ात्म्/अम्); आत्मन् [p= 135,1] with two meanings: breath (vāk) and movement. the highest personal principle of life , ब्रह्म (cf. परमा*त्मन्) AV. x , 8 , 44 VS. xxxii , 11 S3Br. xiv , &c;m. (variously derived fr. अन् , to breathe ; अत् , to move ; वा , to blow ; cf. त्म्/अन्) the breath RV.the soul , principle of life and sensation RV. AV. &c.
अहम् राष्ट्री संगमनी वसूनाम् I am the mover of nation's wealth: देवता आत्मा, ऋषिका वाक् आम्भृणी (RV 10.125)
RV 10.125.01 I proceed with the Rudras, with the Vasus, with the A_dityas, and with the Vis'vedeva_s; I support both Mitra and Varun.a, Agni and Indra, and the two As'vins.[Deity Prama_tma_: the word, or first of creatures].10.125.02 I support the foe-destroying Soma, Tvas.t.a_, Pu_s.an and Bhaga; I bestow wealth upon the institutor of the rite offering the oblation, deserving of careful protection, pouring forth the libation.10.125.03 I am the sovereign queen, the collectress of treasures, cognizant (of the Supreme Being), the chief of objects of worship; as such the gods have put me in many places, abiding in manifold conditions, entering into numerous (forms.10.125.04 He who eats food (eats) through me; he who sees, who breathes, who hears what is spoken, does so through me; those who are ignorant of me perish; hear you who have hearing, I tell that which is deserving of belief.10.125.05 I verily of myself declare this which is approved of by both gods and men; whomsoever I will, I render formidable, I make him a Brahma_, a r.s.i, or a sage. [A Brahman: Brahma_, the creator].10.125.06 I bend the bow of Rudra, to slay the destructive enemy of the Bra_hman.as, I wage war with (hostile) men. I pervade heaven and earth.10.125.07 I bring forth the paternal (heaven) upon the brow of this (Supreme Being), my birthplace is in the midst of the waters; from thence I spread through all beings, and touch this heaven with my body.10.125.08 I breathe forth like the wind giving form to all created worlds; beyond the heaven, beyond this earth (am I), so vast am I in greatness.
This is an addendum to:
Both the chandas renderings of R̥gveda and of Indus Script Corpora abound in metaphors, which are called rūpaka or mlecchita vikalpa (Script cipher). Our ancestors of earlier millennia are geniuses in creating abiding metaphors and institutionalising them as demonstrated by the vāhana of Ganga and Yamuna to signify smelters and mints for wealth creation.
Kāpi raga played on Sarasvati Veena in the background are courtesy: Smt.Jayanti Kumaresh. Rāṣṭrī Sūktam chant is rendered by gaṇapāṭhin in Prasānti Nilayam. The thumbnail size painting of Sarasvati is by Raja Ravi Varma.
अहम् राष्ट्री संगमनी वसूनाम् I am the mover of nation's wealth: देवता आत्मा, ऋषिका वाक् आम्भृणी (RV 10.125)
अ॒हं रु॒द्रेभि॒र्वसु॑भिश्चराम्य॒हमा॑दि॒त्यैरु॒त वि॒श्वदे॑वैः ।
अ॒हं सोम॑माह॒नसं॑ बिभर्म्य॒हं त्वष्टा॑रमु॒त पू॒षणं॒ भग॑म् ।
अ॒हं राष्ट्री॑ सं॒गम॑नी॒ वसू॑नां चिकि॒तुषी॑ प्रथ॒मा य॒ज्ञिया॑नाम् ।
मया॒ सो अन्न॑मत्ति॒ यो वि॒पश्य॑ति॒ यः प्राणि॑ति॒ य ईं॑ शृ॒णोत्यु॒क्तम् ।
अ॒हमे॒व स्व॒यमि॒दं व॑दामि॒ जुष्टं॑ दे॒वेभि॑रु॒त मानु॑षेभिः ।
अ॒हं रु॒द्राय॒ धनु॒रा त॑नोमि ब्रह्म॒द्विषे॒ शर॑वे॒ हन्त॒वा उ॑ ।
अ॒हं सु॑वे पि॒तर॑मस्य मू॒र्धन्मम॒ योनि॑र॒प्स्व१॒॑न्तः स॑मु॒द्रे ।
अ॒हमे॒व वात॑ इव॒ प्र वा॑म्या॒रभ॑माणा॒ भुव॑नानि॒ विश्वा॑ ।
This is an Indus Script hypertext. dāya'throw of one in dice', dhāi'strand'. The word is rupaka for dhāi, dhātu'mineral ore'. The circle is vr̥tta, vaṭṭa'round, circle'. Together, the expression is a rupaka 'metaphor' for dhāvaḍ 'iron smelter'. The round stone shape is: gōṭā'round pebble, stone' rupaka or rebus: खोट [khōṭa] Alloyed--a metal. The net with khaṇḍa 'division' rupaka or rebus: khaṇḍa 'equipment'. Thus, iron, alloy metal equipment is the expression signified by the hypertext.
5000 Years Old Ball Made From Terracotta , Sarasvati Civilization ( Photo - National Museum Delhi )
Consistent with this Indus Script Cipher, the vehicles of 1. Yamuna and 2. Ganga signify specific categories of metalwork -- 1. alloy metals mintwork and 2. mineral ores smelter work respectively. Hieroglyph: kamaṭha 'turtle' rebus: kammaṭa 'mint, coiner, coinage
Raja Ravi Varma's painting shows Devi Sarasvati with four hands and a peacock vāhana. mayūˊra m. ʻ peacock ʼ VS., in cmpds. RV., mayūrīˊ -- f. ʻ peahen ʼ RV. 2. *mōra -- . 3. *majjūra -- (< *mayyūra<-> with early eastern change -- yy -- > -- jj -- ?). [mayūka -- , marūka --
I suggest that the early form of the word for peacock is: māˊrā (Savara); maraka'
The pine cone and the peacocks are Indus Script hypertexts to signify metalwork catalogues: 1. Hieroglyph, signifier: kandə 'pine cone' Rebus, signified metalwork: khaṇḍa. A portion of the front hall, in a temple; kaṇḍ 'fire-altar' (Santali) kāṇḍa 'tools, pots and pans and metal-ware' (Marathi) Rebus:Tu. kandůka, kandaka ditch, trench. Te. kandakamu id. Konḍa kanda trench made as a fireplace during weddings. Pe. kanda fire trench. Kui kanda small trench for fireplace. Malt. kandri a pit. (DEDR 1214).
The original pine cone. Pigna (Fir cone) is the name of the quarter of Rome where this bronze sculpture was found; it was part of a fountain and it spouted water from holes on its top. It was probably placed in front of a Temple to Isis in Iseo Campense; the gilded peacocks decorated one of the entrances to Hadrian's Mausoleum. The Egyptian lions were added by Pope Gregory XVI; they came from Mostra dell'Acqua Felice and were replaced by copies. http://www.romeartlover.it/Vasi181.html
Rebus: lo 'copper' lōhá ʻ red, copper -- coloured ʼ ŚrS., ʻ made of copper ʼ ŚBr., m.n. ʻ copper ʼ VS., ʻ iron ʼ MBh. [*rudh -- ] Pa. lōha -- m. ʻ metal, esp. copper or bronze ʼ; Pk. lōha -- m. ʻ iron ʼ, Gy. pal. li°, lihi, obl. elhás, as. loa JGLS new ser. ii 258; Wg. (Lumsden) "loa"ʻ steel ʼ; Kho. loh ʻ copper ʼ; S. lohu m. ʻ iron ʼ, L. lohā m., awāṇ. lōˋā, P. lohā m. (→ K.rām. ḍoḍ. lohā), WPah.bhad. lɔ̃un., bhal. lòtilde; n., pāḍ. jaun. lōh, paṅ. luhā, cur. cam. lohā, Ku. luwā, N. lohu, °hā, A. lo, B. lo, no, Or. lohā, luhā, Mth. loh, Bhoj. lohā, Aw.lakh. lōh, H. loh, lohā m., G. M. loh n.; Si. loho, lō ʻ metal, ore, iron ʼ; Md. ratu -- lō ʻ copper ʼ. WPah.kṭg. (kc.) lóɔ ʻ iron ʼ, J. lohā m., Garh. loho; Md. lō ʻ metal ʼ.(CDIAL 11158)
Sarasvati Research Center
May 6, 2015
Temple de Serapis
Pigna Vatican Museum Courtyard gilt bronze. Rome.
It was at Campus Martius prior to it being moved to the Court of the Pigna.
glyph-type symbols below the animal (Courtyard of the Pinecone)
Another version of the pine cone origins:
[quote]The Huge statue known as the Pigna (pine) or the Fontana Della Pigna depicts a giant Pine Cone. It is located in St. Peter's, in an area called the court of the Pigna.The Court of the Pigna is the northern part of the grand renaissance Belvedere Courtyard that stretches between the Papal Palaces to the "palazzetto" which belonged to Innocent VII's . The courtyard was segmented into three parts after the construction of Sixtus V's Library and the Braccio Nuovo of Pius VII. The present courtyard derived its name form the beautiful pine cone statue set into the "nicchone", borders on the south side with the Braccio Nuovo, and on the east it borders with the Chiaromonti Gallery. To its north you can find Innocent VIII's Palazzetto and on the west the galleries of the Apostolic Library are located.
The pine cone was cast out of bronze in the 1st or 2nd century by the sculptor Publius Cincius Slavius. He was identified as its creator because his name was written on the base of the huge pine. The Statue's height is almost 4 meters and on both sides of the pine cone there are bronze peacocks which are copies of the ones in Hadrian's tomb.
Before it was moved to its current location, known as the Court of the Pigna, the statue of the Pine was situated in the Campus Martius. This area is still known today as "Pigna" after this statue. At its previous location it was used as a fountain with the water pouring from holes pierced in the scales of the cone. At the 8th century it was transferred to the entrance hall of the medieval basilica of St. Peter. It was placed decoratively in the middle of the fountain covered by ornate baldachin. We know this because the statue was identified in Renaissance drawings of the hall. Eventually, during the construction of the current basilica, in 1608, the giant pine cone fountain was moved and situated in its current location.
This statue is a beautiful and ancient one and it's definitely worth stopping by and admiring it as it has been part of Rome's landscape for almost 2000 years! [unquote]
A pair of eagle-headed Annunak flanking a staff capped with a pine-cone.
Blessing genius Neo-Assyrian period, circa 721-705 BCE (reign of Sargon II)
Third gate of the palace of Sargon II, Khorsabad (ancient Dur-Sharrukin), Iraq
Bas-relief of gypseous alabaster
H. 4.09 m; L. 2.36 m; D. 0.75 m
Victor Place excavations, 1852-54
Near Eastern Antiquities [see: Musée du Louvre] ‘Maize’ and ‘pine-cone’ are two hieroglyphs depicted, respectively, on Indian sculptures at Somnathpur (Lakshmi, divinity of wealth) and on sculptures and reliefs of Ashur (Nimrud). Rebus readings are evidence of presence of Meluhha speakers in the Ancient Near East who participated in the bronze-age inventions of tin-bronzes and created the writing systems of deploying hieroglyphs together with cuneiform and Indus texts.
Somnathpur, Halebid. Lakshmi. Divinity of wealth holding maize cob or pine-cone.
Hieroglyphs: kandə ʻpineʼ, ‘ear of maize’. Rebus: kaṇḍa ‘tools, pots and pans of metal’. Rebus: kāḍ ‘stone’. Ga. (Oll.) kanḍ, (S.) kanḍu (pl. kanḍkil) stone (DEDR 1298).
, and the Sun ; du. " the universal and the individual Spirit "; accord. to Sa1y.
resolvable into अहं स , " I am that ") Up. MBh. Hariv. &c; Rebus: हंस 'silver', 'an unambitious monarch'.
There is a possibility that the word hanse may be read rebus as a guild form comparable to the word śreṇi 'guild' in ancient Indian tradition. If so, the hamsa as Vāhana of Sarasvati may be rebus for the Germanic word, hanse 'guild -- artisan/merchant guild'. "The Hanseatic League (//; Middle Low German: Hanse, Düdesche Hanse, Hansa; Standard German: Deutsche Hanse; Latin: Hansa Teutonica) was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Northwestern and Central Europe. Growing from a few North German towns in the late 1100s, the league came to dominate Baltic maritime trade for three centuries along the coast of Northern Europe. It stretched from the Baltic to the North Sea and inland during the Late Middle Ages and declined slowly after 1450." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hanseatic_League
i) their dismissal of the binary that one has to argue for an OIT if one begins to question AIT/AMT into India (whilst citing the "third school of thought" found in the 2013 book edited by Marcantonio and Jha) and highlighting that the burden of proof for AIT/AMT into India, PIE hypothesis lies on the people who want to prove it, not on those who want to contest it and contesting AIT/AMT into India need not automatically necessitate the burden of proving an OIT or the burden of explaining similarities that William Jones and others saw and set about to prove, in the process, calling out a bluff: the need to be wedded to a single-source-language-origin- hypothesis one way or the otherii) their call for a rightful place for actual attestation—what the texts themselves say or don't say—which takes one logically to their dimension 2.
Director Saraswati Research Center,
D. Litt, Deccan College, Pune (Deemed University)
Since hamsais associated with Brahma, supreme ātman, it is likely that the early associated vāhana of Sarasvati is a hamsa, anser indicus, described in ancient texts as a preceptor. The expression is paramahamsa, an enlightened ātman. An intriguing etymon related to High German and Gothic is a rebus word hansa which signifies a guild of merchants. Hanseatic league had a significant role to play in the wealth creation of nations and emergence of the European Union from 11th to 16th centuries CE. It is possible that the word hamsa may have been pronounced as a hamsāyi'company' (Hindi) cognate with hansa 'guild' (Gothic)..A similar sounding expression hasani signifies a portable fire-place, reinforcing association of the merchant guilds with metalwork wealth created using portable chafing dishes or portable fire-pans, like the portable furnace shown (together with a lathe atop) in front of the one-horned young bull as the msot frequently occurring hypertext component on Indus Script Corpora.
Hamsa, Kalahamsa, kāraṇḍava), anser indicus vāhana of Sarasvati is Brahma, supreme ātman. Hence devatā of RV 10.125 is ātmā. Signifies 1. hasani 'portable fire-place, chafing dish'; 2. hansa 'merchant guild' (Gothic).
Vāhana of Sarasvati signifies 1. Brahma, supreme ātman; 2. hasani 'portable fire-place, chafing dish'; 3. hansa 'merchant guild' (Gothic)
Rebus: Extreme joy, bristling: harṣa m. ʻ bristling ʼ MBh., harṣaka -- ʻ thrilling ʼ R. 2. harṣita -- ʻ bristling ʼ Cat. (ʻ happy ʼ R.). [√