Articles on this Page
- 04/16/17--22:50: _Hazy visibility of ...
- 04/17/17--03:27: _ED notice to Karti...
- 04/17/17--03:59: _Electroral terroris...
- 04/17/17--07:00: _Ursa Minor, Ursa Ma...
- 04/17/17--07:56: _Narada case: CBI bo...
- 04/17/17--15:33: _Krittika (Pleiades)...
- 04/17/17--17:29: _Kaalaadhan: Delhi b...
- 04/17/17--21:56: _Kaalaadhan.Mauritiu...
- 04/18/17--03:11: _India's e-tailers a...
- 04/18/17--03:58: _Harappa bricks in R...
- 04/18/17--18:05: _1,100-year-old insc...
- 04/18/17--19:33: _Two sets of Skymaps...
- 04/18/17--20:03: _Azaaniyat-- Ravinar
- 04/18/17--23:43: _China renames 6 pla...
- 04/19/17--02:52: _How silly can China...
- 04/19/17--05:58: _Cabinet approves pr...
- 04/19/17--07:11: _Ready to sacrifice ...
- 04/19/17--07:59: _50 years of Dravida...
- 04/19/17--17:59: _Glacier retreats, S...
- 04/19/17--18:32: _Invincible Bill O'R...
- 04/17/17--03:27: ED notice to Karti Chidambaram for alleged forex violations
- 04/17/17--03:59: Electroral terrorism, attempt to bribe Rs. 60 cr to EC
- 04/17/17--07:56: Narada case: CBI books 13 TMC leaders including MPs, ministers
- 04/17/17--17:29: Kaalaadhan: Delhi bust-up, Chennai kiss and make-up
- 04/17/17--21:56: Kaalaadhan.Mauritius? No. Paris.
- 04/18/17--20:03: Azaaniyat-- Ravinar
- 04/19/17--07:11: Ready to sacrifice my life for Ram Mandir -- Uma Bharti
- 04/19/17--07:59: 50 years of Dravida maayaa and no tunnel at the end of darkness
- Nature Geoscience
- Published online
- 04/19/17--18:32: Invincible Bill O'Reilly fired by FoxNews immediate Woman power.
Enforcement Directorate issues show-cause notice to Karti Chidambaram for alleged forex violations
ED also served notice to Vasan Health Care Pvt Ltd for FEMA contraventions to the tune of Rs 2,262 crore.
AIADMK man booked for trying to bribe poll panel official for 2-leaves symbol
New Delhi, April 17 (PTI): The crime branch of Delhi Police booked AIADMK deputy general secretary T.T.V. Dinakaran on Monday for allegedly trying to bribe an Election Commission official to get the 'two leaves' poll symbol in the by-election to R.K. Nagar Assembly seat.
Dinakaran, a leader of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam faction led by his jailed aunt V.K. Sasikala, was booked following the arrest of Sukesh Chandrasekhar, a middleman, from a five-star hotel here on Sunday.
”It has been learnt that Sukesh had struck a deal for Rs 50 crore for helping the AIADMK faction keep the 'two leaves' symbol. Police have recovered Rs 1.30 crore from Sukesh and two cars -- a BMW and a Mercedes -- have also been seized,” said a senior police officer.
Sukesh is being interrogated to know about his profile and his connection with any EC official, he said.
TTV Dhinakaran meanwhile told the media in Chennai that he does not know who Sukesh Chandrasekar is.
More trouble for TTV Dinakaran as Delhi police files bribery case against him
TNN | Apr 17, 2017, 09.28 AM IST
NEW DELHI: Trouble is mounting for Sasikala's nephew TTV Dinakaran, as Delhi's Crime Branch registered a case against him today in a case of attempting to bribe the Election Commission of India (EC) for the AIADMK's symbol.
Sasikala's faction adopted the hat symbol after the of the AIADMK acknowledging the split in the party,
The police action comes in the wake of arrest of an alleged middleman named Sukesh Chandrasekhar from Hyatt hotel on Sunday night. Delhi Police chief spokesperson Dependra Pathak confirmed the arrest.
At least Rs 1.3 crore has been recovered from Chandrasekhar, police said, which he was planning to use to bribe EC officials with. In total, around Rs 50 crores were to be paid as bribe, police have said.
An FIR has been filed under Section 8 of the Prevention of the Corruption Act. The section pertains to taking gratification, in order, by corrupt or illegal means, to influence public servant. Section 120 B (criminal conspiracy) of IPC has also been invoked.
Dinakaran, who is considered to be a close Sasikala aide, will be served notice to join the investigation, police said.
PRO Madhur Verma said the accused had been picked up from Hyatt hotel on a tip off. "He will be produced before either magistrate," he said.
Joint commissioner Praveer Ranjan has formed a special team comprising sleuths of the inter-state cell of crime branch to probe the high profile case, it has been learnt.
The Delhi police's case against Dinakaran comes even as a major crisis looms in the state government with a section of ministers revolting against him and seeking his resignation as party deputy general secretary.
Should there be an attempt to dethrone him from the key party deputy general secretary post, Dinakaran is banking on a few MLAs to not only bail him out, but also bring down the Edappadi Palaniswami government.
"Let the ministers revolt against Dinakaran, he enjoys the support of 38 MLAs. The government will not survive," said a confidante of Dinakaran to TOI.
Hectic lobbying has begun in party general secretary VK Sasikala's family- primarily Dinakaran, husband M Natarajan and brother V Divakaran - to poach as many MLAs as possible from the ruling party.
It is estimated that about 40 MLAs are loyal to Natarajan and Dinakaran as they were responsible for rewarding them with party tickets in the last election.
The Delhi police case also comes soon after IT raids on 50 locations in Tamil Nadu , during which officials seized Rs 5.5 crore from the Tamil Nadu health minister Vijayabaskar's associates. The minister is a supporter of Dinakaran.
"We will overcome the challenges. They will not win for sure," party deputy general secretary TTV Dinakaran had said, a day after the election commission rescind RK Nagar bypolls due to money distribution to voters.
"Ursa Minor has traditionally been important for navigation...and the entire constellation was taken to indicate the northern direction.Since the medieval period, it has become convenient to use Alpha Ursae Minoris (or "Polaris") as the north star, even though it was still several degrees away from the celestial pole...In the Babylonian star catalogues, Ursa Minor was known as the "Wagon of Heaven" (MULMAR.GÍD.DA.AN.NA, also associated with the goddess Damkina). It is listed in the MUL.APIN catalogue, compiled around 1000 BC among the "Stars of Enlil"—that is, the northern sky"
In an interesting parallel, Krittikā is also called a cart.
कृत्तिका [p= 304,3] f. pl. (rarely sg. MBh. iii , 14464 BhP. vi , 14 , 30), N. of a constellation (the Pleiads , originally the first , but in later times the third lunar mansion , having अग्नि as its regent ; this constellation , containing six stars , is sometimes represented as a flame or as a kind of razor or knife ; for their oldest names » TS. iv , 4 , 5 , 1 ; in mythol. the six कृत्तिकाs are nymphs who became the nurses of the god of war , कार्त्तिकेय) AV. TS. S3Br. &c
कृत्तिका a vehicle , cart S3Br. xiii Sch.(Monier-Williams)
RN Iyengar has raised a crucial question. "Why Vasistha has to be identified in Bahula (Krttika)/Pleiades? Arundhati leaves behind Va does not and can not refer to Krttika. What evidence is there for Shifting Va from U.Major to Pleiades in Sanskrit texts?"
I would appreciate detailed answers to this question.
See blog: https://manasataramgini.wordpress.com/2014/02/18/a-mysterious-verse-of-a-siddha/
In this blog, Krittika are linked to Ursa Majoris (i.e. Alcor, Arundhati)
arundhatI paryasha~Nkad vasiShTham R^iShi-sattamam ||
Even though arundhati was well-known in the world as being well-mannered and auspicious she had doubted vasiShTha, the great R^iShi.
saptarShi-madhyagaM vIram avamene cha taM munim ||
lakShyAlakShyA nAbhirUpA nimittam iva lakShyate || (“Critical” 1.224.27-29)
A excursus on vasiShTha and arundhatI:
In addition to the two stars vasiShTha and arundhatI forming one of widest binaries [Footnote 4] there is the notorious non-associated star Sidus Ludoviciana which forms a triangle with them. But its magnitude is 7.6 and beyond typical naked eye visibility. [unquote]
The follow-up question are:
Is Vasishtha part of Pleiades or Krittikā? Since Arundhati (Alcor) is a binar star with Vasishtha (Mizar), is it inappropriate to relate the Skymap position of Arundhati vis-a-vis Krittikā?
What is the correct concordance: Ursa Major = Pleiades? or Ursa Minor = Pleiades?
This is an addendum to the posts:
On the importance of heliacal rising of stars in Indian astronomy see: http://www.insa.nic.in/writereaddata/UpLoadedFiles/IJHS/Vol51_2016_1_Art10.pdf
Heliacal Rising of Canopus in Indian Astronomy - Indian Journal of History of
Science 51.1 (2016):83-91 by S. Balachandra Rao et al.
| Tuesday , April 18 , 2017 |
Delhi bust-up, Chennai kiss and make-up
|Our Special CorrespondentAdditional reporting from PTI|
In the morning, Delhi police booked T.T.V. Dinakaran, the nephew of the jailed Sasikala whose AIADMK Amma faction is now in power in Tamil Nadu.
Dinakaran, who acts as the eyes and ears of Sasikala aka Chinnamma who is serving out a jail term in Karnataka in an assets case, has been charged with trying to bribe Election Commission officials to get the parent party's "two leaves" poll symbol for his group.What initially looked like a mere police operation took on political significance. O. Panneerselvam, the former chief minister who emerged as a hero by defying Sasikala but could not muster enough support to form the government, expressed confidence in Chennai that the rival faction would approach his group (the AIADMK Puratchi Thalaivi Amma) for merger talks.
"If approached, we are ready to sit and talk and I have confidence that they (leaders) will come (for talks)," OPS told reporters in Chennai in the afternoon.
At night, several state ministers went into a huddle. They welcomed Panneerselvam's statement on merger talks.
Emerging from the house of power minister K. Thangamani, finance minister D. Jayakumar said the modalities were being worked out to pave the way for the merger.
The political fate of Sasikala and her nephew was not clear although suggestions were made that the two had little option but to fall in line or be kicked out.
That the balance-tilting bust-up was carried out by Delhi police, which report to the Union home ministry, fuelled speculation that the Centre, so far sympathetic to OPS and keen on an assured chunk of votes before the presidential elections, might have had a hand in accelerating the pace of events.
Tamil Nadu law minister C.V. Shanmugam said since Dhinakaran, who was made deputy chief of the party hours before Sasikala began serving out her sentence, was away in Bangalore, the matter will be discussed with him after he returned to Chennai.
On speculation about Sasikala resigning from her party post, Shanmugam said it was a "lie".
In Delhi, deputy commissioner of police Madhur Verma said Dinakaran had offered the bribe through an alleged middleman, Sukesh Chandrasekar, ahead of the now-cancelled bypoll to the R.K. Nagar Assembly seat, which was represented by Jayalalithaa at the time of her death.
"We'll soon summon Dinakaran for questioning," an officer said.
Dinakaran has denied the charges and alleged efforts to "defame" and "destroy" his organisation politically.
Dinakaran was his group's candidate for the by-election, which was scheduled for April 12 but was scrapped after the poll panel received indications of voters being bribed with cash.
The Election Commission had assigned the "hat" symbol to AIADMK Amma while the OPS group got the "electric pole" symbol.
"An FIR has been filed against Dinakaran following the arrest of Chandrasekar from a five-star hotel in Delhi this morning. He had contacted the middleman and had paid some money to get the job done," Verma said.
Sources said the FIR invoked corruption and criminal conspiracy against Dinakaran, Chandrasekar and unnamed others.
They said Chandrasekar was being questioned about his alleged links with Election Commission officials. "He is being asked their names, including the one he was to pay the bribe to," an officer said.
"We have information that he had struck a deal for Rs 50 crore. Our team recovered Rs 1.3 crore from him along with two cars: a BMW and a Mercedes."
The officer added: "He (Chandrasekar) is a notorious conman. One of the car nameplates proclaimed him an MP. He had booked a room at the hotel posing as an MP from Bangalore."
Early this month, income-tax officials had searched premises and offices belonging to Tamil Nadu health minister and Dinakaran loyalist C. Vijayabaskar and others.
A raid on the minister's accountant allegedly threw up Rs 89 crore, earmarked for "distribution to voters". Vijayabaskar has denied any seizures of "unaccounted money or documents".
Paris replacing Mauritius as tax haven, Citi alerts Finance Ministry
MUMBAI: Citi, once perceived as a master in regulatory arbitrage, has drawn the government’s attention to Paris emerging as a new tax haven with Mauritius losing its charm.
In a recent meeting with officials of the finance ministry, Citi pointed out how some global banks and funds are taking advantage of India’s treaty with France to escape tax, sources in the financial market told ET.
In the past few months, a few leading foreign portfolio investors (FPIs) have set up shop in Paris to attract offshore investors and issue participatory notes (PNs) — derivatives sold to foreign investors keen to trade in Indian stocks. Till March 31, Mauritius was the preferred location to carry out such business. But this changed with the revision in the tax treaty between India and Mauritius: there will be capital gains tax on Indian securities bought by any Mauritius entity on or after April 1.
Citi is understood to have taken a decision to refrain from using its Paris office to issue PNs and sell Indian equity. “I believe that Citi has taken a stand that this is only a temporary window and selling PNs from Paris would be against the spirit of regulation… I suppose they believe that it could be a matter of time before India reviews its tax treaty with France,” said a senior lawyer familiar with the developments.
Citibank officials declined to comment on the matter.
“The re-negotiated India-Mauritius and India-Singapore tax treaties offer a beneficial tax rate of 7.5% on short-term capital gains on equity for investments made after April 1, 2017. The India-France treaty on the other hand provides for a NIL tax on short-term capital gains on equity. As a result, players based out of France are obviously able to offer a better product as compared to players from other jurisdiction,” said Suresh Swamy, partner, PwC.
Experts Surprised at Move
“In view of the distinct tax advantage, investors appear to be attracted to P-note issuers based out of France,” he added.
“Citi and some of the other banks are losing business as many clients are choosing to deal with FPIs located in Paris or The Netherlands,” said an official with a brokerage.
Under Singapore and Mauritius treaties, the tax on short-term capital gains is 7.5% for two years and 15% subsequently. However, tax treaties with European countries including The Netherlands, France, Spain and Sweden do not have this. Many French banks have been offering P-note products with a written assurance that there would be no tax on FPI returns. These banks and their FPI arms are also promising that they satisfy the GAAR test. As per GAAR, or General Anti-Avoidance Rule, market gains could be taxed if the Indian tax department suspects that the investment vehicle lacks substance and has been set up to solely evade tax.
Are banks like Citi missing out on business opportunity? The move has surprised experts advising funds. “Typically, large global conglomerates or banks will have substantive offices in most parts of the world. The key requirement for the compliance with GAAR provisions is to demonstrate substance in the form of relevant people, infrastructure, key acti
I agree with Krishnendu Das who has reported on April 18, 2017 that the finds of thousands of Harappa bricks in Raghopura Diara, Vaishali dist. (near Patna) is of great historical importance.
These finds just move the extent of the Sarasvati Civilization eastwards by 1100 kms. into Ganga river basin.
Together with the bricks, metalwork artifacts and about 10 kilograms of jewellery in a Mandi hoard have also been found.
These finds are consistent with the decipherment of Indus (Sindhu-Sarasvati) Script which proves that over 8000 inscriptions were metalwork catalogues, thus constituting a repository of wealth created by ancient artisans of Sarasvati-Sindhu Civilization.
It is time to avoid jumping to conclusions about 'collapse' or 'decline' of civilization in ancient Bharat but to provide a narrative of a Hindu civilization which has made the nation the richest in the world, contributing to 33% of Global GDP in 1 CE. A hypothesis has also been posited that Bharatiya artisans and seafaring merchants were the key intermediaries who traversed along an Ancient Maritime Tin Route which linked Hanoi (Vietnam) and Haifa (Israel) across Eurasia, predating the Silk Road by two milllennia.
Sarasvati Research Centre
April 18, 2017
| Tuesday , April 18 , 2017 |
Vaishali bricks throw up posers on Harappa last leg
The discovery of some Harappan-type bricks from Raghopur Diara of Vaishali district near Patna (report published in The Telegraph on April 8, 2017), is of immense importance to the country from both archaeological and historiographical perspectives. The findings may not only answer many hitherto unsolved questions that shroud the last phase of the great Harappan civilisation, but may force us write our early-period history afresh as well.|
The director of Bihar's state archaeological directorate, Atul Verma, visited the place some six months ago and collected two bricks. He examined the bricks himself and also showed it to the former joint director-general of the Archaeological Survey of India, K.N. Dikshit. Dikshit confirmed the Harappan identity of the bricks after checking their thickness, width and length ratio which is 1:2:4, a typical "mature Harappan" trait.
Scholars have divided the entire Harappa era broadly into three phases - early, mature and late. The early phase spans from 3500 BC to 2800/2700 BC (from the beginning of village farming to the beginning of urbanisation). Mature phase was from 2700 BC to 2000/1900 BC (from the beginning of urbanisation to the starting of the devolution of the urbanism). The late phase spanned between 2000/1900 BC and 1400/1300 BC (post-urban Harappan).
In the mature phase, there was a standard ratio of the Harappan bricks as mentioned above. The kiln-fired bricks which were recovered from Raghopur Diara were exactly of the same size and nature as the mature Harappan bricks. This is startling as mature Harappan kiln-fired bricks were never found in east India so far. Till date, the easternmost Harappan site has been identified as Alamgirpur of the Ganga-Yamuna doab area of Uttar Pradesh. Other prominent Harappan sites which were situated in the vicinity of Alamgirpur are Hulas, Mandi, Sanauli and so on.
Alamgirpur and Hulas are late-Harappan sites though some mature Harappan materials - mud bricks, burnt brick (burnt bricks were not found in Hulas though unearthed in limited numbers from Alamgirpur), pottery pieces, stone and bone implements and some Harappan mud and mud brick structures have been excavated from there. The earliest dates, measured through the C14 method (a method to ascertain the date of an organic material using the radioactive isotope of carbon) of those sites go back to the middle of the 3rd millennium BC. Though some mature Harappan materials were found from these sites, any sign of mature Harappan urban prosperity has always eluded these areas.
Sanauli is a late-Harappan burial site. Some 125 graves have been discovered here. The site is very important because of the scarcity of the late-Harappan burial sites. Mandi is famous for its Harappan jewellery hoard. The hoard was found accidentally in the course of a ground levelling operation.
After the discovery, the villagers there began a hunt for more jewellery which continued for the next four to five days. The news reached the Uttar Pradesh archaeology department only after a few more days. Some 10 kilograms of jewellery were recovered from the site when the Uttar Pradesh state archaeology department and the Archaeological Survey of India sent teams to survey the village.
Archaeologists identified Mandi as a late-Harappan site. The treasury consists of two copper containers and a large number of beads made of gold, banded agate, onyx and copper. These types of materials were found earlier in sites such as Mohenjodaro, Harappa, Lothal, Kalibangan, Allahdino, Chanhudaro, Surokotada and Kunal, though not in hoards.
Scholars are yet to come to a conclusion as to how this jewellery hoard could be related to an otherwise "unimpressive" late-Harappan site as Mandi. However, what is strikingly significant here is that in none of the above mentioned eastern Harappan sites did archaeologists ever recover large numbers of Harappan kiln burnt brick as found at Raghopur Diara.
The late phase of the Harappan civilisation has long been a subject of scholarly debates and theories. What were the causes of the decline of the Harappan civilisation? Where did the Harappans go after the decline of the civilisation? Scholars such as Mortimer Wheeler and Gordon Childe believed that the invasion of the Aryans caused a civilisational downfall in Harappa. Primarily because Wheeler discovered some scattered human skeletons at Mohenjodaro. But this theory lost its validity after a close scrutiny of those 37 scattered skeletons of Mohenjodaro by archaeologist G.F. Dales of the University of California at Berkeley. Dales, one of the co-directors of the ground-breaking Harappa Archaeological Research Project, published his theory in the journal Expedition (May 1964 issue) describing the whole issue as a "mythical massacre".
Floods in the river Indus and several other natural calamities such as drought, earthquake and decline in the external trade of the Harappan civilisation are various other theories propagated by various scholars that dot scholarly materials regarding the decline of the Harappan civilization. In recent times, the most discussed theory on the decline of Harappa has been that of the drying up of the Ghaggar-Hakra rivers which are often identified with the Rig Vedic Sarasvati river.
Now, many archaeologists feel that we should look at the decline of Harappa from an altogether different angle. They believe that instead of the downfall of the civilisation, we could perhaps simply call it a process of gradual de-urbanisation of the Harappan civilisation. Whatever may be the cause behind this de-urbanisation, scholars have always remained sure that a group of Harappan people had migrated towards the east. The discovery of late-Harappan sites such as Alamgirpur, Hulas, Mandi, Sanauli and so on is nothing but examples of eastward migration of the civilisation.
But the unique case of finding of mature Harappan kiln-fired bricks at Raghopur Diara, about 1100 kilometres southeast of Alamgirpur, is sure to perplex archaeologists. The main question doing the rounds is that if the sites in Uttar Pradesh are known as late-Harappan sites, how can mature Harappan civilisation travel further eastward?
Therefore, scholars may now have to trace the entire course and span of Harappan civilisation anew if more associated Harappan materials are excavated from Raghopur Diara or its surroundings that authenticate the importance of the primary finding. The context of a finding is of utmost importance in archaeology. The findings have sent archaeologists across the country in a tizzy and many of them are already set to go to Raghopur Diara to survey the area in search of more clues.
If Raghopur Diara is established as a mature Harappan site, it will not only throw in the bin many theories on the civilisation and its decline but will also warrant a great deal of rewriting of the course of the civilisation, and therefore our history. But for now, we will have to wait for the results of the explorations which are going to be conducted by archaeologists.
| Saturday , April 8 , 2017 |
The Mythical Massacre at Mohenjo-Daro
Cite This Article:
1,100-year-old inscription unearthed from floor of Tiruvannamalai temple
The oldest inscription found in the temple dates back to 885 AD. It was recorded by the Archaeological department in 19th century, Raj Panneerselvam of the Foundation told TOI.
This inscription dates back to 890 AD, he said, adding, "It was written during the 19th year of Aditya 1 Chola's (871 AD to 911 AD) reign. It is 1,125 years old. The archaeological department and temple administration should take necessary steps to preserve the inscription."
Inscriptions are usually found on the wall in chronological order, but this one was found on the floor near the kalyana mandapam on the premises of the temple.
"The inscription strengthens the theory that the temple was renovated a few centuries ago. The inscription was dismantled and discarded due to poor renovation (Thirupani) work," he said.
Confirming that the seven line inscription belonged to the Chola-Pallava transition period, a retired archaeologist of Tamil Nadu Archaeological department said that the name of Bana chieftain, Vayirameganar, one of the titles of the Pallava King, was mentioned in the inscription. It also indicated that Tiruvannamalai was then known as 'Tiruvanna Naattu' and it was one of the Sathurvethi mangalam.
[quote]APRIL 6, 2011
Azaaniyat - Azaan is not a noise issue... It is cultural & religious invasion....
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 19, 2017
Standardization of terms aimed at reaffirming sovereignty: experts
a) purchase of 16,15,000 Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) Units at a tentative unit cost of Rs.19,650, and at a total estimated cost of Rs. 3173.47 crore (excluding taxes and freight as applicable) during the years 2017-18 and 2018-19 from M/s Bharat Electronics Ltd., Bangalore and M/s Electronics Corporation of India Ltd., Hyderabad;
b) directing the Price Negotiation Committee to negotiate with M/s Bharat Electronics Ltd and M/s Electronics Corporation of India Ltd to rationalise the final unit price expeditiously;
c) allocation of additional funds to the tune of Rs. 1600 crore in the current financial year in the supplementaries/Revised Estimates for meeting the cash outgo envisaged for purchase of EVMs (Control Units & Ballot Units) and VVPAT Units during the year 2017-18, payment of 40% of the said amount as advance to the manufacturers and for provision of balance amount as may be required in the BE 2018-19; and
d) placement of Order by the Election Commission to the two manufacturers depending upon their production capacity so that all the VVPAT Units can be procured by September, 2018.
The decision of the Government would enable the Election Commission of India to deploy VVPAT Units in all pooling booths in the General Elections, 2019, which will act as an additional layer of transparency for the satisfaction of voters, allaying any apprehension in the minds of the voters as to the fidelity and integrity of the EVMs. This would also result in compliance of the directions of the Hon’ble Supreme Court vide its Order dated 8thOctober, 2013.
The idea of an additional layer of transparency for the satisfaction of voters in the form of a ‘voter verifiable paper trail’ was suggested by the political parties in a meeting taken by the ECI on 4th October, 2010. Accordingly, introduction of the VVPAT was facilitated by amending the Conduct of Election Rules, 1961 vide Notification dated 14th August, 2013. Thereafter, 20,300 VVPAT Units were purchased by the ECI in 2013. Since then, these units are being deployed in elections in select Assembly and Parliamentary Constituencies. Subsequently, order for 67,000 additional Units was placed in 2015, out of which 33,500 Units have been supplied by the manufacturers. Requisite funds for purchase of the aforesaid number of VVPAT Units were provided by the Government as and when requested by the Election Commission.
VVPAT device functions like a printer to be attached to the ballot unit and kept inside the voting compartment. When the voter presses the button against the name of the candidate of his choice on the Ballot Unit, the VVPAT unit generates a paper slip, called Ballot Slip. This paper slip contains the name, serial number and symbol of the chosen candidate. The voter can see this slip through a screened window where it stays for seven seconds, and then it automatically gets cut and falls down into a sealed drop box. In this process, the slip will not go into the hands of the voter nor will others be able to see it.
The Babri Masjid Case Files Published on Apr 7, 2017
There is no conspiracy, it all happened in full public view: Uma Bharti
Guilty will be punished, says CongressSenior party leader and Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad, however, asserted that his party highly respected its leaders like veterans L K Advani and Murli Manohar Joshi, along with Union Minister Uma Bharti and others, who are to be tried now.
Babri case: SC revives criminal conspiracy charges against Advani, others
The court transfers the case from Rae Bareilly to Lucknow, insists on a time-bound trialhttp://www.thehindu.com/news/national/babri-case-sc-revives-conspiracy-charges-against-advani-joshi/article18132142.ece?homepage=true
Adrija Roychowdhury provides a precise account of 50 yrs of Dravidian governance in Tamil Nadu.
50 years after first Dravidian government in Tamil Nadu, here’s a look at history of AIADMK and others
The rift between Sasikala and Panneerselvam and the overall chaos in the party, highlights all that was wrong with the Dravidian movement
River piracy and drainage basin reorganization led by climate-driven glacier retreat
AbstractTopographic profiles and photographs of the terminus of Kaskawulsh Glacier and its proglacial lakes in September 2016. a–c, High-resolution (0.25 m) drone-generated DEM overlain on orthorectified panchromatic WorldView-1 scene from 29 October 2012. Satellite image courtesy of the DigitalGlobe Foundation, 2012. Note that the proglacial lakes are frozen i…
Posted at: Apr 19, 2017, 7:03 PM; last updated: Apr 19, 2017, 10:05 PM (IST)
Canadian river changes course in 4 days as glacier retreats